List of Philosophers in the 18th Century-70 Philosophers You Should Know

List of Philosophers in the 18th Century-70 Philosophers You Should Know

December 9, 2018 0 By gospel

List of Philosophers in the 18th Century-70 Philosophers You Should Know

List of Philosophers…Comprehensive List of 18th Century Philosophers You Should Know. 70 Great Philosophers That Made Impact in The 18th Century.

List of Philosophers in the 18th Century-70 Philosophers You Should Know

Who is a Philosopher?

A philosopher is someone who practices philosophy, which involves rational inquiry into areas that are outside either theology or science. The term “philosopher” comes from the Ancient Greek φιλόσοφος meaning “lover of wisdom”. The coining of the term has been attributed to the Greek thinker PythagorasWikipedia

The 18th Century

According to the analysis of the Gregorian Calendar, the 18th Century is a period that lasted from 1st January 1701 to 31st December 1800. In the course of the 18th century, elements of Enlightenment thinking were triggered by the list of philosophers and culminated in the American, French, and Haitian revolutions. And these gave rise to certain schools of thought.

However, the list of philosophers in the 18th century came from different native backgrounds and their ethnicity were of different beliefs and arguments. And as such, if you have been asking or seeking to know these list of philosophers, then you are at the right spot. Have it also at the back of your mind that this article is well researched, organized and updated here for the purpose of knowledge and to help students around the world gain access to reliable information in carrying out their research work such as seminars, projects, and term papers. So let’s ride!

List of Philosophers in the 18 Century

1 Immanuel Kant

Born: 22 April 1724

Nationality: German

2 Adam Smith

Born: 16 June 1723

Nationality: Scottish

3 Jean-Jacques Rousseau

Born: 28 June 1712

Nationality: Swiss, French

4 David Hume

Born: 26 April 1711

Nationality: Scottish

5 Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

Born: 27 August 1770

Nationality: German

6 Arthur Schopenhauer

Born: 22 February 1788

Nationality: German

7 Mary Wollstonecraft

Born: 27 April 1759

Nationality: British

8 Jeremy Bentham

Born: 15 January 1748

Nationality: British

9 Edmund Burke

Born: 12 January 1729

Nationality: Irish, British

10 Auguste Comte

Born: 19 January 1798

Nationality: French

11 Thomas Carlyle

Born: 4 December 1795

Nationality: Scottish

12 Ethan Allen

Born: 21 January 1738

Nationality: American

13 Friedrich Schiller

Born: 10 November 1759

Nationality: German

14 Joseph Priestley

Born: 23 March 1733

Nationality: British

15 William Godwin

Born: 3 March 1756

Nationality: British

16 Marquis De Condorcet

Born: 17 September 1743

Nationality: French

See Also: African Diaspora in America


17 Novalis

Born: 2 May 1772

Nationality: German

18 Maria Gaetana Agnesi

Born: 16 May 1718

Nationality: Italian

19 Jonathan Edwards

Born: 5 October 1703

Nationality: American

20 Jean Le Rond d’Alembert

Born: 16 November 1717

Nationality: French

21 Ram Mohan Roy

Born: 22 May 1772

Nationality: Indian

22 Samuel  Taylor Coleridge

Born: 21 October 1772

Nationality: British

23 Cal Von Clausewitz

Born: 1 July 1780

Nationality: German

24 Denis Diderot

Born: 21 October 1713

Nationality: French

25 Adam Weishaupt

Born: 6 February 1748

Nationality: German

26 Olympe de Gouges

Born: 7 May 1748

Nationality: French

27 Johann Gottlieb Fichte

Born: 19 May 1762

Nationality: German

28 Charles Fourier

Born: 7 April 1772

Nationality: French

29 Johann Gottfried Herder

Born: 25 August 1744

Nationality: German, Polish

30 Giacomo Leopardi

Born: 29 June 1798

Nationality: Italian

31 Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph Schelling

Born: 27 November 1775

Nationality: German

32 Wilhelm Von Humboldt

Born: 22 June 1767

Nationality: German

33 Friedrich Schleiermacher

Born: 22 November 1768

Nationality: German, Polish

34 Joseph de Maistre

Born: 1 April 1753

Nationality: French

35 Germaine de Stael

Born: 22 April 1766

Nationality: French

36 Moses Mendelssohn

Born: 6 September 1729

Nationality: German

37 Gotthold Ephraim Lessing

Born: 6 September 1729

Nationality: German

38 James Mill

Born: 6 April 1773

Nationality: American, Scottish

39 William Paley

Born: 14 July 1743

Nationality: British

40 William Whewell

Born: 24 May 1794

Nationality: British

41 Thomas Reid

Born: 7 May 1710

Nationality: Scottish

42 Benjamin Constant

Born: 25 October 1767

Nationality: Swiss, French

43 David Brewster

Born: 11 December 1781

Nationality: British, Scottish

44 Richard Price

Born: 23 February 1723

Nationality: Welsh

45 Roger Joseph Boscovich

Born: 18 May 1711

Nationality: Croatian

46 Johann Friedrich Herbart

Born: 4 April 1776

Nationality: German

47 Andres Bello

Born: 29 November 1781

Nationality: Chilean, Venezuelan

48 Adam Ferguson

Born: 20 June 1723

Nationality: British

49 Alexander Gottlieb Baumgarten

Born: 17 July 1714

Nationality: German

50 Claude Adrien Helvetius

Born: 26 January 1715

Nationality: French

51 NFS Grundtvig

Born: 8 September 1783

Nationality: Danish

52 August Wilhelm Schlegel

Born: 8 September 1767

Nationality: German

53 Judith Sargent Murray

Born: 1 May 1751

Nationality: American

54 Julien Offray de La Mettrie

Born: 1709

Nationality: French

55 Frances Wright

Born: 6 September 1795

Nationality: British

56 Dugald Stewart

Born: 22 November 1753

Nationality: British, Scottish

57 Antonio Soler

Born: 3 December 1729

Nationality: Spanish

58 Louis Gabriel Ambroise de Bonald

Born: 2 October 1754

Nationality: French

59 Joseph Joubert

Born: 7 May 1754

Nationality: French

60 Karl Christian Friedrich Krause

Born: 6 May 1781

Nationality: German

61 Abraham Tucker

Born: 2 September 1705

Nationality: British

62 Alexander Vinet

Born: 17 June 1797

Nationality: Swiss

63 James Beattie

Born: 25 October 1735

Nationality: Scottish, Welsh

64 John Austin

Born: 3 March 1790

Nationality: British

65 Emilie du Chatelet

Born: 17 December 1706

Nationality: French

66 Etienne Bonnot de Condillac

Born: 30 September 1715

Nationality: French

67 Nicolas de Caritat

Born: 17 September 1743

Nationality: French

68 Constantin François de Chassebœuf

Born: 3 February 1757

Nationality: French

69 François Quesnay

Born: 4 June 1694

Nationality: French

70 Baron de Montesquieu

Born: 18 January 1689

Nationality: French

Related Post: International Studies Major Thinkers


NOTE: The greatest number of philosophers were actually Germans seconded by the French.

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